SQLite’s DENSE_RANK() function is a powerful tool that allows users to rank rows within a query result set based on specified criteria. DENSE_RANK() is similar to the RANK() function, but it assigns consecutive rank values to ties. This means that if multiple rows have the same ranking value, DENSE_RANK() will skip the next available ranking value and assign the same rank value to the next row.


The syntax of the DENSE_RANK() function in SQLite is as follows:

DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY expression [ASC|DESC], ...)

The expression is used to determine the ranking order of the rows, and the optional ASC or DESC keyword specifies the ascending or descending order of the ranking values. The ORDER BY clause can contain multiple expressions separated by commas to define a more complex ranking order.


Here is an example of how to use the DENSE_RANK() function in SQLite:

name, score, 
DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY score DESC) AS dense_rank
FROM players;

In this example, we are selecting the name and score columns from a table called players, and using the DENSE_RANK() function to rank the players based on their scores in descending order. The result set will include the player name, their score, and their rank based on the DENSE_RANK() function.

Overall, the DENSE_RANK() function is a useful tool for ranking rows within a query result set based on specified criteria, and can be used to easily identify top performers, outliers, and other important data points in a dataset.